The Brain

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

The most obvious difference between the human brain and the brain of a carp would be in the

The major link between the brain and the glandular system is the

__________ is closely related to grammar and pronunciation.

One of the main differences between the brains of people who score high on mental tests and those who score low indicate that higher scorers have

Damage to the cerebellum would most likely result in

The endocrine system

An elderly acquaintance of yours has suffered from partial blindness since she had a stroke. Apparently the stroke damaged her

The pons acts as a bridge between the medulla and other brain areas and influences

You are walking through a bad part of town, down a dark alley, and carrying a large amount of cash. Behind you, you hear a door open and close suddenly, and you immediately dive into the nearest trash container. The part of the forebrain mainly responsible for your reaction is the

An EEG records

As we move from lower to higher animals a larger proportion of the brain is devoted to

Using an electrode, an experimenter produces flashes of colored light and simple visual experiences in a patient undergoing brain surgery. Most likely she has activated the

The cerebral cortex is composed of two sides or __________.

The brainstem consists mainly of the

A person who had difficulty __________ would be described as having aphasia.

In order to perform a split-brain operation, the __________ must be severed.

The __________ cerebral hemisphere is superior at perceptual skills and detecting

By using electrical stimulation, reward (or "pleasure centers") and punishment (or "aversive" areas) can be shown to exist in the

Many addictive drugs stimulate the pleasure centers of the

Agnosia may sometimes be helped by

There is a greater portion of motor cortex for the

The limbic system is responsible for

An innovative scanning technique that uses magnetic technology to visualize brain activity is called

The technique that uses a magnetic field to develop an image of the brain is called the

There is more somatosensory cortex for the

The sense of smell depends on the __________ lobe.

If the brain were similar to the postal system, the function of the thalamus would be similar to the role of

The use of an electrode to destroy small areas of the brain beneath the surface is called

Which of the following is most closely associated with language comprehension?

The __________ cortex is all areas of the cerebral cortex that are not sensory or motor in function.

Which of the following is most closely associated with language production?

The reflex control centers for vital life functions like heart rate and breathing are found in the

Experiments with animals have found pleasure centers to be located in the

Which of the following involves electrical brain wave measurement?

The area of the frontal lobe that directs the body's muscles is called the

Bodily sensations such as touch, temperature, and pressure register in which brain area?

The surgical procedure of cutting the corpus callosum is done in cases of

Which of the following statements concerning the brain is true?

Which of the following is a major function of the somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex?

An elderly woman suffered a stroke, and there was injury to Broca's area of her brain. Her resulting speech impairment is called

Which of the following changes would you expect to occur in someone whose frontal lobes were damaged in an accident?

Which of the following describes brains of persons who do well on mental tests?

Creating the magic of consciousness is carried out primarily by

The two cerebral hemispheres are connected by a band of fibers called

Electrical stimulation of the brain

Language is controlled by the __________ of the brain.

The __________ gland is involved in the regulation of growth.

The increased size and wrinkling of the cerebral cortex in higher animals is referred to as

An accident victim is shown a picture of a car and says, "dar." This person is suffering from

The visual area of the brain is located in the __________ lobe.

Weeks after an automobile accident, a friend continues to have difficulty maintaining balance and movements. You should suspect that damage may have occurred to the

An aphasia is a speech disturbance; an agnosia is

The reticular formation (RF) is associated with

The association areas of the cerebral cortex

Which of the cerebral hemispheres is superior at drawing a picture?

In most people, the right hemisphere of the brain is in charge of

If a "split-brain" subject were given a key (hidden from sight) to feel with his left

As one moves up the evolutionary scale, development of the nervous system shows

Which of the following is most involved in the production of emotion?

In higher animals, visible portions of the brain are covered with a wrinkled layer of gray matter called the

Although the human brain weighs approximately 3 pounds, it is also important to take into consideration __________ when comparing it to the brain of an elephant or whale.

The occipital lobe is to vision as the parietal lobe is to

Surgical removal of parts of the brain to determine their function relies on a technique called

Broca's area is located on the

A patient who has suffered brain damage to the left hemisphere is likely to

The functions of the amygdala include

Does having a larger brain make a person smarter?

The cerebral cortex is

Brain centers for most vital functions are

The hippocampus

Which statement concerning brain function is TRUE?

Sue has recovered from extensive injury to her left cerebral hemisphere and has continued her career with little sign of impairment. Her occupation is most likely

A new, improved brain imaging technique for measuring glucose metabolism of the brain is called

The greater the sensitivity of a part of the body,

The __________ area in the brain acts as a final "switching station" for most incoming sensory information.

Which of the following is NOT controlled by the hypothalamus?

The somatosensory area is located in the

Destruction of the reticular activating system would result in

The __________ is the part of the brain that stores lasting memories.

__________ measures the structure of the brain by utilizing a series of x-rays.

John has some paralysis and loss of sensation in his right side after a motorcycle accident. It is likely that there is brain damage in the

Dave has just had some medical tests conducted. One of the tests recorded Dave's brain waves on a moving sheet of paper. Dave was probably given the

The __________ regulates the functioning of other glands.

Hormones

A brief electrical current is applied to the cortex causing movements and muscular twitches in various parts of the body. The area stimulated is the

The brain center for audition is in the __________ lobe.

Jim does not understand algebra, but he's a good artist. Jim's __________ brain is

In the brain, the function of the reticular formation is similar to the hotel service known as