Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
The most obvious difference between the human brain and the brain of a carp would be in the
The major link between the brain and the glandular system is the
__________ is closely related to grammar and pronunciation.
One of the main differences between the brains of people who score high on mental tests and those who score low indicate that higher scorers have
Damage to the cerebellum would most likely result in
The endocrine system
An elderly acquaintance of yours has suffered from partial blindness since she had a stroke. Apparently the stroke damaged her
The pons acts as a bridge between the medulla and other brain areas and influences
You are walking through a bad part of town, down a dark alley, and carrying a large amount of cash. Behind you, you hear a door open and close suddenly, and you immediately dive into the nearest trash container. The part of the forebrain mainly responsible for your reaction is the
An EEG records
As we move from lower to higher animals a larger proportion of the brain is devoted to
Using an electrode, an experimenter produces flashes of colored light and simple visual experiences in a patient undergoing brain surgery. Most likely she has activated the
The cerebral cortex is composed of two sides or __________.
The brainstem consists mainly of the
A person who had difficulty __________ would be described as having aphasia.
In order to perform a split-brain operation, the __________ must be severed.
The __________ cerebral hemisphere is superior at perceptual skills and detecting
By using electrical stimulation, reward (or "pleasure centers") and punishment (or "aversive" areas) can be shown to exist in the
Many addictive drugs stimulate the pleasure centers of the
Agnosia may sometimes be helped by
There is a greater portion of motor cortex for the
The limbic system is responsible for
An innovative scanning technique that uses magnetic technology to visualize brain activity is called
The technique that uses a magnetic field to develop an image of the brain is called the
There is more somatosensory cortex for the
The sense of smell depends on the __________ lobe.
If the brain were similar to the postal system, the function of the thalamus would be similar to the role of
The use of an electrode to destroy small areas of the brain beneath the surface is called
Which of the following is most closely associated with language comprehension?
The __________ cortex is all areas of the cerebral cortex that are not sensory or motor in function.
Which of the following is most closely associated with language production?
The reflex control centers for vital life functions like heart rate and breathing are found in the
Experiments with animals have found pleasure centers to be located in the
Which of the following involves electrical brain wave measurement?
The area of the frontal lobe that directs the body's muscles is called the
Bodily sensations such as touch, temperature, and pressure register in which brain area?
The surgical procedure of cutting the corpus callosum is done in cases of
Which of the following statements concerning the brain is true?
Which of the following is a major function of the somatosensory area of the cerebral cortex?
An elderly woman suffered a stroke, and there was injury to Broca's area of her brain. Her resulting speech impairment is called
Which of the following changes would you expect to occur in someone whose frontal lobes were damaged in an accident?
Which of the following describes brains of persons who do well on mental tests?
Creating the magic of consciousness is carried out primarily by
The two cerebral hemispheres are connected by a band of fibers called
Electrical stimulation of the brain
Language is controlled by the __________ of the brain.
The __________ gland is involved in the regulation of growth.
The increased size and wrinkling of the cerebral cortex in higher animals is referred to as
An accident victim is shown a picture of a car and says, "dar." This person is suffering from
The visual area of the brain is located in the __________ lobe.
Weeks after an automobile accident, a friend continues to have difficulty maintaining balance and movements. You should suspect that damage may have occurred to the
An aphasia is a speech disturbance; an agnosia is
The reticular formation (RF) is associated with
The association areas of the cerebral cortex
Which of the cerebral hemispheres is superior at drawing a picture?
In most people, the right hemisphere of the brain is in charge of
If a "split-brain" subject were given a key (hidden from sight) to feel with his left
As one moves up the evolutionary scale, development of the nervous system shows
Which of the following is most involved in the production of emotion?
In higher animals, visible portions of the brain are covered with a wrinkled layer of gray matter called the
Although the human brain weighs approximately 3 pounds, it is also important to take into consideration __________ when comparing it to the brain of an elephant or whale.
The occipital lobe is to vision as the parietal lobe is to
Surgical removal of parts of the brain to determine their function relies on a technique called
Broca's area is located on the
A patient who has suffered brain damage to the left hemisphere is likely to
The functions of the amygdala include
Does having a larger brain make a person smarter?
The cerebral cortex is
Brain centers for most vital functions are
Which statement concerning brain function is TRUE?
Sue has recovered from extensive injury to her left cerebral hemisphere and has continued her career with little sign of impairment. Her occupation is most likely
A new, improved brain imaging technique for measuring glucose metabolism of the brain is called
The greater the sensitivity of a part of the body,
The __________ area in the brain acts as a final "switching station" for most incoming sensory information.
Which of the following is NOT controlled by the hypothalamus?
The somatosensory area is located in the
Destruction of the reticular activating system would result in
The __________ is the part of the brain that stores lasting memories.
__________ measures the structure of the brain by utilizing a series of x-rays.
John has some paralysis and loss of sensation in his right side after a motorcycle accident. It is likely that there is brain damage in the
Dave has just had some medical tests conducted. One of the tests recorded Dave's brain waves on a moving sheet of paper. Dave was probably given the
The __________ regulates the functioning of other glands.
A brief electrical current is applied to the cortex causing movements and muscular twitches in various parts of the body. The area stimulated is the
The brain center for audition is in the __________ lobe.
Jim does not understand algebra, but he's a good artist. Jim's __________ brain is
In the brain, the function of the reticular formation is similar to the hotel service known as