Schools of Psychology

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

"I am primarily interested in thinking processes; I am a __________ psychologist."

Like Carl Rogers, I believe people choose to live more creative and meaningful lives. My name is

Comparative psychologists are primarily interested in

Of the following, who is associated with the Gestalt school of psychology?

Of the following, who is a humanistic psychologist?

Which of the following represents an empirical statement?

A psychologist performs the following experiment: she gives subjects photographs of female faces and asks them to rate the attractiveness of each face. However, some of the subjects have just had to take a very difficult math test, while others have taken a very easy math test. The psychologist would probably be a __________ psychologist.

According to John Watson, introspection was

One of the reasons to study psychology is

A psychologist who studies family dynamics and their effects on behavior of individuals in different regions would probably be a __________ psychologist.

Which of the following psychological theories is known as the one that emphasizes "free will"?

The study of similarities and differences in the behavior of different species is called

Which of the following is the best example of covert behavior?

Which of the following behaviors can best be described as overt behavior?

Which of the following statements concerning psychodynamic psychology is true?

Brain mechanisms involved in hunger and thirst would most likely be studied by a

"The whole is greater than the sum of its parts" is represented by which of the following?

The goals of psychology are to

Freud believed that all thoughts and actions are determined by

The largest area of specialization among psychologists is

The term cognition refers to

Barbara is applying conditioning principles to teach language skills to retarded children. As a psychologist, her point of view appears to be

Strict behaviorists were criticized for overlooking the role that __________ plays in our lives.

A psychologist who is "eclectic" can best be described as

The study of mental processes such as thinking, perception, information processing, etc. is a key element in __________ psychology.

Overt behavior is

Which area in psychology would be most likely to study the phenomenon of "peer influence"?

Psychologists are all

If you were to walk into a laboratory where the effects of intense punishment on a rat's ability to form a discrimination was being studied, you would be in the lab of a __________ psychologist.

Maslow proposed a need to develop one's potential and be the best one can be, which he called

The psychodynamic view emphasizes the role of __________ in development.

Psychology is

Of the following, who was a structuralist?

Some modern psychodynamic theorists, or neo-Freudians, focused on

Some topics in psychology are difficult to study because

Behaviorism helped make psychology a

Psychiatrists differ from psychologists in that psychiatrists

Developmental psychologists study the effects of __________ on behavior.

The kind of therapy developed by Freud is called

Freud stressed the role of __________ in shaping our personalities.

The "father" of psychology and founder of the first psychological laboratory was

You see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. The psychologist talks to you about your past and attempts to link your present situation with patterns developed in your childhood during your relationship with your parents. The psychologist would probably belong to which school of psychology?

The structuralist school of psychology

"Experience cannot be analyzed successfully into its elements" would likely be said by a

The key idea in the behavioristic view is that

Evolutionary psychologists would study

A practitioner who is intensively trained in the theories of Freud and treats patients by talking to them is probably a

You see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. The psychologist focuses on those activities you engage in currently around which you feel depressed, and she talks with you about changing these activities and thoughts that make you feel "down" and doing things which make you happy. This psychologist would probably belong to the __________ school of psychology.

A social scientist who characterizes his/her work as the study of the relationship between environmental events and the behavior they produce without regard for experience or consciousness is a

The APA professional code stresses

A psychologist whose viewpoint is psychodynamic

You see a psychologist and tell her that you are feeling depressed. She talks to you about the goals you have for yourself, about your image of yourself, and about the choices that you make in your life and that you could make in your life. This psychologist would probably belong to the __________ school of psychology.

A psychologist who studies gender issues focuses on

__________ psychology is concerned with thinking, language, and problem solving.

Eclectic psychologists are known for

Psychology is considered a science because it

Covert behavior is

Who among the following can prescribe drugs to treat emotional problems?

The proper use of reward, punishment, and behavior modification are results of

The eclectic approach

Repression refers to

Psychologists use animals in experiments in order to

A common sense approach to psychology is

Of the theorists listed below, who helped to develop the humanistic approach in psychology?

William James wrote Principles of Psychology and founded

__________ focus their work on the attempt to explain all behavior in terms of internal physical mechanisms.

Psychodynamic psychology differs from other approaches because it is based on

The humanistic viewpoint emphasizes

According to John B. Watson, psychology is the study of

"I seek to understand the principles whereby a child develops the ability to think, speak, perceive, and learn." This statement identifies one as a __________ psychologist.

Behavior is

According to the __________ view, the need for love, self-esteem, belonging, self expression, and creativity are as important as biological needs.


Which of the following best describes Maslow's concept of self-actualization?

Which view of human nature is considered to be the most philosophical and the least scientific?