Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
The chief distinguishing feature of psychotic disorders is
A common form of mental disorder afflicting 10-20% of the population is
Bob has never met Madonna but he is convinced that she is deeply in love with him. Bob is suffering from
If you met an individual who appeared to be very charming at first, but later you discovered that he or she manipulated people, caused others hurt without a second thought, and could not be depended upon, you might suspect him of being
A much-feared outcome of Alzheimer's disease is
Multiple personality or dissociative identity disorder often begins
A person who has an extreme lack of self-confidence and who allows others to run his or her life is said to have a(n) __________ personality.
In south and east Asia, a man may experience Koro, which is
Because there is considerable overlap among the types of schizophrenia, and because patterns of behavior shift over time, many patients are simply classified as suffering from __________ schizophrenia.
Retreat from reality by hallucinations and delusions and by social withdrawal typically characterizes
Persons who suffer from paraphilias are categorized as having
Which of the following is related to recent attempts to find biochemical explanations for schizophrenia?
Which of the following is one reason given that more women than men are treated for psychological problems?
The Freudian explanation of anxiety disorders emphasizes
Statistical approaches to abnormality define as "abnormal" those who
A rare condition in which separate personalities exist in the same person is called
A PET scan involves the injection of
If a person suffering from schizophrenia has an identical twin, that twin
The most severe psychological disorder is a(n)
Persons who are excessively narcissistic, dependent, or antisocial are characterized as having
Mood disorders are those in which the person may
Schizophrenia is most commonly found in
The famous ruling that led to the present day plea of "not guilty by reason of insanity" is the
__________ schizophrenics shift from one pattern of schizophrenic behavior to another.
DSM stands for
Conversion disorder and hypochondriasis are classified as
In most anxiety disorders, the person's distress is
An unusual state called "waxy flexibility" is sometimes observed in __________ schizophrenia.
Roger has been extremely anxious for much of the past year, but can't explain why. There is a good chance that he is experiencing
Irrational and very specific fears that persist even when there is no real danger to a person are called
In some countries, it is normal to defecate or urinate in public. This makes it clear that judgments of the normality of behavior are
Three year old Shawn ate lead paint which was chipping off the walls in an older home. Consequently, he developed a psychosis based on brain damage due to lead poisoning. Shawn's psychosis would be called a(n)
False beliefs that are held even when the facts contradict them are called
Jim is in a constant state of anxiety and also has brief, sudden periods of panic. He also believes these periods of panic will occur when he's in a public location; therefore, Jim is afraid to leave his house. Jim's diagnosis is
Mary believes that she is the Queen of England. She is having
True paranoids are rarely treated or admitted to hospitals because
The most widely used system of psychological classification today is
The insanity defense dates back to the English courts, where it was originally held that to be responsible for an act, the defendant must
Behaviorists would say that self-defeating behaviors are maintained by immediate reinforcement in the form of
When a person's sexual identity does not match his or her physical gender, the diagnosis is
It has been discovered that all major anti-psychotic drugs
An inability to behave in ways that foster the well-being of the individual and ultimately of society defines
Discomfort in social situations, fear of evaluation, and timidity are characteristic of what personality disorder?
The term schizophrenia can be interpreted to mean
Carson recently lost his job and has a great debt accumulated from gambling. He also has been feeling extreme pressure about not being able to take care of his eight children. After having too much to drink, Carson ran over a child crossing the street. Immediately following this episode, Carson could not remember who he was. This example illustrates
A person who experiences a long series of imagined physical complaints suffers from
When Sara returned from combat in the Gulf War, she began experiencing high anxiety that has persisted without any improvement. This example illustrates which anxiety related disorder?
Gregory has been homeless for the past 3 years. The stress of being homeless seems to have contributed to the onset of psychosis. This example illustrates what risk factor for mental disorders?
A researcher seeking an organic basis for schizophrenia would be well-advised to investigate the role of
Which of the following is characteristic of a dissociative disorder?
__________ schizophrenia usually involves delusions of persecution and grandeur.
A psychosis arising from an advanced stage of syphilis, in which the disease attacks brain cells, is called
A disorder characterized by continuous tension and occasional anxiety attacks in which persons think they are going insane or are about to die is called a
The extreme reaction known as fugue refers to
Disorganized schizophrenia is characterized by
In the United States and Latin America, Latinos use the term __________ to refer to chronic psychosis.
The term "nervous breakdown"
Psychological dependence on mood- or behavior-altering drugs is known as
Grace's actions resemble movie stereotypes of "crazy" behavior. Her personality disintegration is extreme. She engages in silly laughter, bizarre mannerisms, and obscene behavior. Her diagnosis is probably
Which of the following is classified as a mood disorder?
Current research suggests the cause of Alzheimer's disease is
Dysthymic disorder and cyclothymic disorder are two varieties of
Which of the following is a dissociative disorder?
The antisocial personality
Belief that one's body is "rotting" and ravaged by disease would be classified as
The distinction between obsessions and compulsions is the distinction between
Hearing voices that are not really there would be called a(n)
Behavioral problems in which the person exhibits symptoms suggesting physical disease or injury, but for which there is no identifiable cause, are called
Mutism, stupor, and a marked decrease in responsiveness to the environment are often seen in
Obsessive-compulsive behavior, panic, and phobias are formally classified as __________ disorders.
Robert was found wandering naked in the campus parking lot, proclaiming himself to be "Father Time." He shows evidence of a(n) __________ disorder.
A person who mistrusts others and is hypersensitive and guarded may be classified as a(n) __________ personality.
Delusional thinking is characteristic of
"I believe Amanda's anxiety and defensiveness are the result of an unrealistic self-image and an inability to take responsibility for her feelings." This statement would most likely have been made by a
A person who is preoccupied with fears of having a serious disease suffers from
Sensory experiences that occur in the absence of a stimulus are called
In general, schizophrenia is characterized by
One who is quite concerned with orderliness, perfectionism, and a rigid routine might be classified as a(n) __________ personality.
Irrational acts a person feels driven to repeat are called __________. They help control anxiety caused by __________.
Sudden temporary amnesia or instances of multiple personality are __________ disorders.
John has a lack of interest in friends or lovers and experiences very little emotion. He can be described as having which of the following personality disorders?
Amnesia, fugue, and multiple personality are all classified as which behavior disorder?
Obsessive-compulsive disorders involve
When sadness and despondency are exaggerated or prolonged and an extremely negative self-image prevails, we would suspect a(n)
The dopamine-psychosis link is based on the observation that
The antisocial personality is one who
Behavioral problems caused by senility, drug damage, brain injury or disease, and the toxic effects of poisons are classified as __________ disorders.
Which of the following personality disorders describes a person who has an extremely unstable self image, is moody, and does not develop stable relationships?
Phobias differ from ordinary fears in that they frequently involve
Julie can't stop thinking about germs and dirt. She spends all day cleaning her house. She is suffering from
Which of the following personality disorders describes a person who has an exaggerated sense of self-importance and who needs constant admiration?
CT scans of the brains of some young schizophrenics show __________ than normal.
A core feature of all abnormal behavior is that it is
The most effective method of predicting that a mental patient will commit an act of violence is by
Failure of hospital staff to detect fake patients in David Rosenhan's studies can be attributed to the