Perception

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Experiments involving infants' perception of 3-D figures, when combined with visual cliff data, suggest that

When infants are placed in the middle of a visual cliff, they usually

If you stand in the middle of a cobblestone street, the street will look coarse near your feet and finer if you look into the distance. This is called

When traveling in a car, near objects seem to move past you faster than distant objects. This is called

Internal standards used to judge stimuli are referred to as

Illusions are

An industrial psychologist interested in human factors would most likely participate in

The fact that we can walk and chew gum at the same time illustrates that

You are sitting in the pit area at the Indianapolis 500. You closely watch one of the cars whiz around on the track in front of the seething mass of humanity crammed into the stands. You have organized this visual scene such that the race car is __________ and the people and the stands are __________.

The fact that objects that are near each other tend to be grouped together is known as

The underlying mechanism for perceptual expectancies is

Which of the following is considered a monocular cue for depth?

Inductive reasoning goes from the specific to the general. Which of the following is analogous to inductive reasoning?

Compared to males who had not read a sexually arousing written passage, males who had read the passage were

The tendency to group together objects that are the same size, shape, color, or form is known as

As a door opens toward you, you perceive it as a rectangular door rather than going through actual image changes on the retina (from rectangular to trapezoid). This is an example of

Closure, nearness, similarity, and continuation are categories of

A man 6 feet in height will look "tall" when surrounded by others of average height, and "short" among a group of professional basketball players. This is an example of

The tendency to fill in gaps in the perception of a figure is called

Twenty extremely accurate clocks are locked in two bank vaults (ten in each). A subject who claims to have paranormal powers concentrates on the clocks in one of the vaults, attempting to make them run faster. If she succeeds, she will have demonstrated

A 70-year-old man defines middle age as 50 years of age. A 10-year-old child defines middle age as 35 years of age. Their estimates differ because of

The organizational principle demonstrated by the stimuli below is known as

The text's illustration of the police officer's faulty "eyewitness" identification is an example of

You observe two cars of identical make and model. Although one roars away and its image on your retina is changed, you still perceive the cars as identical. This phenomenon is

Attention is aroused by

Decreased perceptual response to a repeated stimulus is called

Interposition is the pictorial depth cue more commonly known as

The most convincing evidence that depth perception is native to humans (and possibly other species) is its

Improved research techniques in parapsychology have resulted in

Research evidence has shown that the presence of a weapon

The purported ability to perceive events at a distance or through physical barriers is termed

A cheetah scrambling up a rocky slope in Montana is likely to be perceived as a mountain lion because

A white shirt reflects more light outdoors than in a dimly lit room; however, it is seen as being equally bright in both places. This demonstrates the role of __________ in perception.

The most basic source of normal depth perception and stereoscopic vision is

__________ processing is like putting together a picture puzzle you've never seen before.

Deductive reasoning goes from the general to the specific. Which of the following is analogous to deductive reasoning?

A major criticism of ESP research is that

You call the Psychic Hotline and talk with a real, live psychic. He tells you about future events in your life that he claims to "see." The psychic would possess which psi ability?

The tendency to complete a figure is called

Which of the following is TRUE of eyewitness testimony?

The bodily depth cue generated by changes in the shape of the lens is called

The moon illusion is best explained by

A "guess" about what a sensation represents that is held until more information is available is referred to as a

Parapsychology is

Which of the following illustrates the principle of contiguity?

Recent experiments on eyewitness testimony have shown that the relationship between a person's confidence in his or her testimony and its accuracy

A widespread increase in the reported sightings of UFOs following newspaper reports of similar sightings may be attributed to

The fact that many people are unconcerned about the gradual depletion of the ozone can be attributed to the __________.

The information surrounding a stimulus is known as the

Psi phenomena

The stimuli below are seen as one group of circles

Illusions differ from hallucinations in that

Assembling sensations into usable patterns is called

The __________ believe that depth perception is learned.

When Jewish subjects tried to remember briefly flashed groups of stimuli, they recognized fewer items when one was a swastika. This was because

Figure and ground can be switched in

Even though the retinal image of an object may change drastically, the object appears unchanged. This is the principle underlying

An ability to "read" another person's mind is termed

The film Star Wars created illusions of depth by quickly changing images of the sizes of planets and starships using the pictorial depth cue called

The fact that infants will often crawl off tables or beds shows that

Experiments with the visual cliff show that

Motion parallax

The stimuli below are organized as three columns rather than

Features of the environment, or messages from the body, that supply information about distance and space are called

Which of the following is a monocular depth cue?

Sensations are organized into meaningful perceptions by

An imaginary perception, such as seeing, hearing, or smelling something that does not exist in the external world is called a(n)

The ability to identify the direction from which a sound originates is strongly dependent on having two ears separated in space by several inches. The ability to perceive visual depth is related to a similar property known as

The __________ believe that depth perception is inborn.

Cross-cultural experiences suggest that pictorial cues for depth perception are

The analysis of information starting with pre-existing knowledge in order to organize features into a meaningful whole is known as

The purported ability to predict future events is called

Highway engineers sometimes paint stripes on freeway off-ramps to enhance the perception of depth, using the cue of

In making a charcoal pencil drawing, which pictorial depth cue could you most effectively use?

To perceive the size of an object remaining the same even though the retinal image changes is called

Assembling a jigsaw puzzle without knowing what it portrayed would require

The idea that many people seem unable to detect gradual but deadly trends in modern civilization is an example of

The most basic perceptual organization is

A field that focuses primarily on the psychology of work and adaptation of machines for human use is

Perception is a process by which

The ability to see three-dimensional space and to accurately judge distances is called

Many natural ESP occurrences are apparently a result of

Disney's cartoons are made up of thousands of still pictures, but we see motion in these cartoons because of

When you estimate a distance under 50 feet (as when you approach a stop sign or play catch), you are using

Placing priorities on sensory messages occurs in the process of

The binocular cue of convergence occurs

Television ads that are in black and white are just trying to take advantage of which attention getting technique?

Psychologists believe that depth perception is

The analysis of information starting with features and building into a complete perception is known as

Which type of psychologist would most likely be interested in things such as displays, controls, and sensory and motor capabilities?

The illusion that railroad tracks come together in the distance involves the depth cue of

A person living in the desert calls a 60 degree day "cold" whereas one living in Alaska calls it "warm." Their perceptions differ because of