Child Development

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Fertilization of an ovum outside a woman's body is called

The first milk produced by a woman in the first few days after giving birth is called

Studies of the Head Start Program indicate that

When a gene is __________, the trait it controls will be present every time the gene is present.

Which represents the correct order of Piaget's stages of intellectual development?

Compared to mothers, fathers spend more time

When parents around the world use a short, sharp rhythm, they are

The three basic emotions which appear to be unlearned but take time to develop are

Which of the following most clearly demonstrates the existence of emotional attachment?

The grasping, rooting, and sucking reflexes of infants are best described as

According to Chomsky, humans have a __________ to develop language.

During the formal operations stage, children begin to

__________ is an example of a congenital problem.

Harlow's studies of surrogate mothers show that

Harlow's finding that baby monkeys prefer a terrycloth surrogate mother to a wire mother demonstrates the importance of

Which reflex probably helps prevent falling?

A child is largely nonverbal, is learning to coordinate purposeful movements with sense information, and is developing the concept of object permanence. The child is in Piaget's __________ stage.

Newborn children

When we say a child's thinking is less abstract than an adult's, we mean that

If touched on the cheek, neonates will turn their head in that direction. This is called the

Physical growth and development is called

Object permanence is to sensorimotor stage as conservation and reversibility are to

The rapid and early learning of permanent behavior patterns during critical periods of development in birds and other animals is called

Substances capable of causing birth defects are known as

A child and her father are walking. The child knows there are such things as birds but has never seen a bluebird before. Upon seeing one, she says, "See the birdie," and her father replies, "Yes, that's a bluebird." This example demonstrates

Piaget is mainly known for studying

Which combination could not produce a blue-eyed child?

When her mother leaves, Linda cries. When her mother returns, Linda crawls into her lap. According to Mary Ainsworth, Linda has a(n) __________ attachment.

A child who thinks it gets dark so that she can sleep is demonstrating

Authoritarian parents

Cephalocaudal means

You offer to trade your nickel for a dime held by a child. The child accepts the trade because the nickel is "bigger." The child is

It is important for a mother to breast feed her baby, as it

Most human characteristics are the result of many genes working in combination. This is referred to as

Each cell possesses 46 __________ that are responsible for all the genetic information passed from parents to children.

A child and her father are walking. The child knows there are such things as birds. Upon seeing a butterfly, she says, "See the birdie," and her father replies, "No, that's a butterfly; see how small it is." This example demonstrates

If an infant is startled by a loud sound, it makes movements similar to an embrace. This is called a __________ reflex.

"I demand that you obey" is to authoritarian as "Do your own thing" is to

Babies will imitate actions they see when mothers show joy or interest because of

A child has learned to get his or her way with a younger sibling by using physical intimidation. If he or she uses the same tactics on peers, this demonstrates

The repetition by infants of meaningless language sounds (including both vowel and consonant sounds) is called

Vygotsky's sociocultural theory suggests that a child's most important discoveries are guided by

Which of the following is one of the four basic ingredients of positive parent-child interactions?

Proximodistal means

According to __________, all children pass through a series of distinct stages in their intellectual development.

You are playing with a neighbor's son, Sam. He is taking a stick and waving it through the air, making airplane noises. You then take the stick and push it along the ground, making car noises. Sam angrily takes back the stick and says, "No, it's a plane!" Sam appears to be in Piaget's

Which of the following is characteristic of good parenting?

Which pattern of development would surprise you MOST?

Babies who don't hear normal speech during their first year may have impaired language abilities because of

Environmental factors that shape development include all of the following except

You leave your child with a babysitter. When you return, your child ignores you. Your child's behavior indicates a(n) __________ attachment.

Competent children who are characterized by autonomy, self-control, and curiosity are often a consequence of the parenting style described as

According to Noam Chomsky, day-old infants dance to speech due to

A child knows that when you take yellow paint and then mix in blue paint, you get green paint. When you ask her what color paint you get if you take blue paint and then mix in yellow paint, she doesn't know. Her thinking lacks

Which of the following reflexes are related to feeding?

A two-year-old says, "Water go," to which the parent responds, "Yes, the water goes down the drain." The parent is using the strategy of

Developmental psychology is the study of

Studies of visual perception indicate that

Sperm from an anonymous donor are used to impregnate the woman in a technique called

The study of changes in behavior from conception to death encompasses

The part of a chromosome that contains "instructions" that affect a particular process or personal characteristic is called a(n)

When a gene is __________, it must be paired with a second gene of the same type before its effect will be expressed.

Using existing patterns of behavior in new situations is called

Another name for a newborn baby is a(n)

Telegraphic speech refers to

Fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by